This region situated in north-eastern Italy has Venice as its historic capital, and in fact influenced the region's development, particularly after the decline of the port on the Adriatic Sea beginning in the 1500s. Veneto was considered the mainland of Venice and was therefore influenced by it, from an architectural and artistic point of view.
The region's natural landscape is very diverse; from the coastline facing the Adriatic Sea, to the flat plain stretching to the slopes of the Euganean Hills, the Berici Mountains and finally to the peaks of the Dolomites. Numerous rivers flow down from the mountains in the north, and characterize this land, before flowing into the sea, between the mouth of the Tagliamento, the Livenza , the Piave and the Adige, until reaching the great delta of the Po river. In fact, many areas in this region are protected by national parks.
Around the year 1000, some cities in the Marca Trevisana were free municipalities, which in the thirteenth century were transformed into powerful lordships battling among one another.
After the end of the Venetian Republic and the entrance into the Kingdom of Italy, Veneto once again played a major role in history behind the lines of the First World War, which was fought from the Dolomites to Carnia and the karsts plateau.
All of the cities and towns in the Veneto region are worth visiting, also for their valuable pictorial heritage.
Verona (UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002) is historically important as a crossroads of Roman roads. Among its most famous monuments are the Arena, Castelvecchio, the Basilica of San Zeno , the Cathedral, the church of San Anatasia (with frescoes by San Giorgio Pisanello), the bridge of Castelvecchio, the Scaliger tombs, but also for the balcony which is traditionally known as that of Romeo and Juliet.
Padua, was already important in Roman times and boasts one of the first Universities in the world (where you can visit the Anatomic Theatre from 1595). By tradition the city has welcomed many distinguished guests: from the Portuguese Friar Anthony, whose memoirs are venerated in the grand Basilica of Saint Anthony of Padua, to Francesco Petrarca and Galileo Galilei, as well as artists such as Giotto, who in 1303 painted the precious frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Donatello. Among the city's most important monuments are the Cathedral, Palazzo della Ragione, Palazzo del Bo, the church of Saint Sophia and the large outdoor area Prato della Valle.
Vicenza (UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2004) is characterized by many buildings designed in the 16th century by Andrea Palladio, such as the Basilica Palladiana, the Olympic Theatre with an exciting fixed perspective scene in wood and stucco , and Palazzo Chiericati. In the surrounding countryside Palladio designed many villas, including the Rotunda, which is considered one of his masterpieces.
Treviso. Already an important city in Roman times (pieces of floor tiling were recovered in the arcades of Calmaggiore). Its urban structure is crossed by a dense network of canals, which offer charming views, as well as that of the islet of Pescheria. In the centre is Piazza dei Signori, with the dock of the Palazzo dei Trecento, and in the streets adjacent to Palace you can visit the Gothic church of San Nicholas, the Loggia dei Cavalieri, the Cathedral and the Church of St. Francis.
Belluno, situated between the Schiara dolomites and Alp foothills, the city has an exceptional geographic location and is of great artistic and historic heritage: the Cathedral with its palaces overlooking the square (among which is the Palace of Rectors), the city gates, the Church of St. Peter, the gothic church of St. Stephen, Via Mezzattera and the characteristic alleys of the Piave village.
Rovigo. Situated in a flat area, Rovigo is crossed by the Adigetto and by numerous manmade canals used for land reclamation and irrigation. Don't miss the Tempo della Beata Vergine del Soccorso, the Church of St. Pious X, the Cathedral, and the Church of St. Anthony Abbot known as St. Dominic.
Veneto is a land of ancient winery traditions that boasts as many as 17 areas that produce D.O.C. wine. As for its cuisine, each city has its specialties: from the mountain dishes of the Belluno area (barley soups, "soppresse" and ossocolli "de casada" (cured meats), "gnocchi alla cadorina", "i casunizei" (ravioli), to those of the farmers in the Padua area ("oca in onto", risotto with "rovinassi" or "rigaglie di pollo"), to the lagoon specialties in Rovigo ("risotto polesano" made with eel, mullet and sea bass) and the radicchio and sausage based dishes in the Treviso area, to the "scaligera" soup and the "pastizada de caval" of Verona, and the specialty of Vicenza, salt cod slowly cooked in milk and anchovies and served with polenta.